What is restless leg syndrome (RLS)? It's an uncomfortable, neurological movement disorder that's in a category of sleep disorders known as parasomnias.
You may occasionally hear RLS referred to as Kborn's syndrome, anxietas tibialis (means anxious legs), Ekbom's syndrome (also Ekbom syndrome), or Wittmaack-Ekbom syndrome.
When sitting, or lying down, those with the disorder describe "creeping and crawling" sensations deep within their legs (sometimes arms, too). The feelings typically increase in the evening.
To reduce these symptoms and get relief, individuals suffering from the prickly—and sometimes painful sensations—feel compelled to keep moving their legs. This eases the tingling, at least temporarily.
I'll tell you a lot more about the symptoms later.
People with restless leg syndrome symptoms are sort of like the Rodney Dangerfield of sleep disorders: They don't get no respect.
Let me explain what I mean because it's important for helping you fully understand the question of what is restless leg syndrome. And the problems you may run into with medical professionals.
Here we are in the twenty first century and it's unfortunate that many doctors and nurses can't answer the question, what is restless leg syndrome.
I'll prove it to you.
Today I was searching through some recent medical journals on restless legs syndrome. Get this—it's still one of the most unreported medical conditions in the world.
For example, one recent restless leg syndrome study states:
"Despite the high prevalence of Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS) reported, little information is available about this disorder in Spain. [This] Spain study shows that many patients with classical RLS symptoms frequently see their [primary care practitioner] without being adequately diagnosed and treated."
And also how well—or poorly—it was being diagnosed by physicians.
The numbers showed that 7.6% of a group of 10,564 people in six European countries reported clinically significant symptoms of RLS (Denmark, Germany, Ireland, The Netherlands, Spain, and the UK).
The problem this study found is that over 80% of patients with RLS symptoms are not being diagnosed nor treated for their symptoms by their physicians.
In other words, doctors are routinely not recognizing that many of their patients have this sleep disorder...a parasomnia that can have a major negative impact on quality of life.
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"RLS in these [six] western European countries is a common, clinically-significant medical condition that, despite all the publicity, remains largely undiagnosed."
A 2005 study in Austria estimated that 10% of the population between ages 50 and 89 had restless legs syndrome. Out of the group of people researchers examined, not one single person who was indeed suffering from restless legs was being treated for the condition by their doctors.
This is doubly cruel. Because although restless legs syndrome can begin at any age, after middle age the symptoms typically worsen.
In the United States, up to 15% of the population may need help for restless leg syndrome. To hammer that figure into a more real number, we're talking about 30 million people or more.
A John Hopkins Bayview Medical Center study in the United States found that restless legs syndrome was "common, under-diagnosed, and carried a significant personal and social burden."
To make matters worse, some physicians also mistakenly associate the symptoms of restless leg syndrome to other health problems. Conditions such as night leg cramps, insomnia, joint pain, stress, mental problems, or that the person is "just getting older."
On top of that...
Just look at some of the things people say on the Internet when it comes to the question of what is restless leg syndrome:
Geez...people can be so brutal!
Well, if restless leg syndrome is all of these things, tell that to the millions of people on our blue globe who have this very real, severely unpleasant, "jumpy legs" sleep disorder.
It's baffling that this sleep disorder—one that is the third most commonly reported—can be so misdiagnosed and misunderstood by modern medicine.
Therefore, suppose after reading this article and my next one— 19 Restless Leg Syndrome Symptoms —you think you might have RLS.
If that's that's the case, you'll need to work with a doctor. And making a diagnosis of RLS is not always easy...especially if the doctor isn't fully up to speed on the subject of what is restless leg syndrome.
So if necessary...
Tell your doctor about a detailed paper that was published in the August 2009 edition of The Journal Of Family Practice. The paper is called Restless Legs Syndrome: Diagnostic time-savers, Tx tips.
Finally, to help you understand more fully the question, what is restless leg syndrome, read my article, 19 Restless Leg Syndrome Symptoms (see below). Lots of good information there for you.
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